Cookies are useful tools, but they’re often misunderstood. Modern websites rely on cookies to provide their visitors with essential services.
This guide will explain why you need one and how to perform a cookie audit correctly.
How To Conduct a Cookie Audit Automatically
There are two ways to audit cookies: using a cookie audit tool or manually. Automatic cookie audits are typically the recommended solution since they don’t require you to manage every step of the process. Instead, they find and record your cookies for you.
A good online cookie audit tool will perform tasks such as:
- Discovering and listing all cookies your website delivers
- Categorizing cookies into the fundamental categories listed by the GDPR
These processes hand you all the information you need to keep your cookies under control and avoid falling out of cookie compliance. Termly’s cookie solution automates the process of auditing cookies and much more.
Use Termly to Automatically Audit Cookies
Step 1: Enter your website URL into the form below
Step 2: We’ll scan your site and categorize the majority of your cookies
How To Conduct a Cookie Audit Manually
The alternative to automatic audits is a manual cookie audit, but it’s tedious, and you are better off using the automatic method above.
Here’s how to conduct a manual cookie audit and ensure you don’t miss any critical information.
Step 1: Identify Cookies
The first step of a cookie audit is figuring out what cookies your site actually uses. You can check cookies on each page using the developer tools already built into your web browser. It’s best to do this on multiple pages of your site to make sure you’ve spotted every possible cookie.
You should also try this on various devices and browsers set on “incognito” mode, with any native cookie blockers you have turned off. Otherwise, you may accidentally miss cookies, and your audit will be incomplete.
Here’s how you can identify cookies in Google Chrome and Firefox:
Checking Cookies in Chrome
Step #1: If your computer is operating on Windows, you have to right-click on the window of your website. On an Apple OS, you can either use the two-finger click or the control+click function.
Step #2: An option menu will pop up after you right click. The last option on the list will be an “Inspect” option. Selecting it will open the Chrome developer console in another section of the window.
Step #3: You’ll see a few different tabs at the top of the developer console. Select the “Application” tab. If the tab isn’t visible, you might have to extend the list by clicking on the “>>” option.
Step #4: Once you click the “Application” button, a sidebar will appear on the left. Click the “Cookies” option which will be a sub-option under the “Storage” section.
Step #5: After clicking “Cookies,” you will see a few columns of information that will show whether your website’s cookies are secure or if there are any active third-party cookies. In the “Session” tab, you can see where those cookies are being stored and whether they are session cookies or persistent cookies.
Checking Cookies in Firefox
Step #1: On a Windows PC, navigate to your website and right-click on the browser window. On an Apple OS, you can either use the two-finger click or the control+click feature.
Step #2: An option menu will appear after you right click. Select the “Inspect” option.
Step #3: A new section will open in your browser window. Select the “Storage” option from the menu bar. Once you click “Storage,” a list of options will appear. Choose “Cookies” from this menu.
Step #4: After clicking “Cookies,” you’ll see a few columns of information that show whether your website’s cookies are secure or if there are any active third-party cookies. In the “Path” column, you can see where those cookies are being stored. You can also see which of them are session cookies or persistent cookies by checking the “Expires/Max-Age” tab.
Step 2: Analyze Cookies
Once you’ve identified all the cookies your website uses, you need to analyze them. This is the process of studying the information stored on each cookie and how your website reads that data.
In your web browser’s developer console, click through each cookie to see the details they collect. Look for information such as the source of the cookie, its path, purpose, and duration.
Analyzing cookies can be time-consuming, so set aside enough time to do it properly.
You can also choose to use a cookie spotting tool like Termly’s free cookie scanner to speed up the process.
Step 3: Categorize Cookies
After you’ve analyzed your cookies, you need to categorize them based on how they’re used.
The categories of cookies include:
- Essential cookies, like first-party files that track what account a visitor is accessing your site through
- Performance and functionality cookies that manage non-essential but beneficial tasks like allowing videos to play
- Analytics and customization cookies that monitor and store user information to provide a personalized experience
- Advertising cookies that enable third-party marketers to track data about users and display customized ads
- Social networking cookies that connect your site to social media sites
You must be careful to categorize cookies correctly. Incorrectly classifying your cookies can put you at risk of a lawsuit since your visitors won’t be able to opt in or opt out of the types of cookies they want to avoid.
Step 4: Look for Compliance Issues
You’ve explored your cookies and categorized them based on how they’re used. Now it’s time to analyze your usage more closely to ensure you’re fully in compliance with the CCPA, GDPR and the EU cookie law.
For instance, if your cookies are unencrypted, they pose a privacy threat to your users even if they do exactly what you say. This is because hackers can use unencrypted cookies to steal information from your visitors. You can address this vulnerability by adding encryption to your cookies.
Other compliance issues to look for:
- Cookies that aren’t related to a legitimate business purpose
- Cookies that store information for no reason
- Healthcare and financial industry placing cookies that aren’t following specific industry regulations
Both approaches have their benefits, so let’s look at them individually.
Working With a Managed Solution (Recommended)
Use Termly’s Cookie Consent Manager
- Scans your site for cookies and categorize the majority of them
- Provides users with cookie opt-in and opt-out options for each category
- Blocks cookies that users haven’t opted in to receive
- Generates a customizable cookie consent banner
Termly’s all-in-one cookie solution handles everything from providing the banner informing users of your policy and their opt-in options to tracking consent settings over time.
You can let Termly manage the entire process and ensure that your users’ preferences for cookies are honored on every visit.
You can use the template to develop a policy compliant with privacy laws and clearly explain how you’re using your cookies. This saves you the time and effort of writing a new policy from the ground up.
Step 6: Conduct Periodic Audits
The final step is to repeat the entire audit process regularly.
As your website evolves, it’s likely that your development team will update the cookies you offer and how they’re used. Privacy laws will also continue to evolve, even if your website doesn’t. So, just because your website is in compliance today, there is no guarantee that this will still be true next quarter.
By conducting periodic audits, you can stop worrying about your cookie usage. Instead, you’ll be able to track the cookies you’re using, update your policy, and address compliance issues right away. Schedule multiple audits a year to stay on top of the process.
What To Know About Cookies
A cookie is a tiny file that websites store on visitors’ computers to track their visits and personalize their experience. These files help websites remember who has visited them before and differentiate between individual users. Some cookies are temporary, only lasting as long as the user is on a website, while others are permanent and stay on a computer until they get deleted.
There are different types of internet cookies and two main ways they can be labeled: essential and non-essential.
To understand the purpose of a cookie audit, you need to understand what these labels mean.
Essential and Non-Essential Cookies
An essential cookie is something necessary for a website to work as intended. They help the site provide the services it promises and that users specifically request.
On the other hand, a non-essential cookie is not directly related to the core services of the site but may provide additional features or functionality. Therefore, disabling non-essential cookies won’t break the site, but it may reduce a more personalized experience.
Laws Surrounding Cookies
Many governments consider internet privacy a fundamental right of their citizens. As a result, internet privacy laws regulate how businesses can store and track cookies on users’ computers.
Currently, two major laws will guide you as you conduct a cookie audit:
- General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR): The GDPR is a regulation put in place by the European Union (EU), UK, Norway, Island, Lichtenstein and Switzerland that controls how sites track and store data about EU citizens. Under the GDPR, businesses need to give users information about what the cookies they want to use will do and offer the option to opt in to non-essential cookies.
- California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA): The CCPAis California’s equivalent of the GDPR. The law requires organizations to tell users what information they’re collecting about them and give them the ability to opt out of having their data sold. This means that organizations must tell users about the cookies they store and allow them to opt out from cookies that will be sold to others, and non essential cookies.
Other privacy laws that cover cookies include:
- Brazilian General Data Protection Law (LGPD)
- New York’s Stop Hacks and Improve Electronic Data Security (SHIELD) Act
- Vermont Act 171 of 2018 Data Broker Regulation
Why You Need To Audit Cookies
Cookie audits are a fundamental requirement for complying with modern privacy laws. Performing effective cookie audits helps you keep your cookie use under control and prevents you from accidentally breaking the law.
You can begin performing effective audits by working with Termly’s cookie tracking solutions. Whether you want to simply perform automatic audits or manually audit and use a consent manager and policy templates, Termly.io has the tools to make it happen. So start your compliance journey today by exploring everything Termly has to offer.